Midterm Review Sheet (Honors)

World History Honors
Mid-Term Review Sheet

Your midterm exam is scheduled for Thursday, March 31.  This day will have an A,B,D,C schedule, so our exam will be the last block of the day.  The exam will be closed book, yet you may use a “reference document which will consist of one side of an 8 1/2 X 11.  There is limited space on this sheet, so be wise in your decision of what you are going to commit to memory and what you are going to put on the sheet.
The mid-term exam will assess your knowledge from the beginning of the semester up until the unit on Greece, with the primary focus being on the unit on Greece.  The exam will be a combination of content knowledge with multiple choice questions, fill in the blank, short responses as well as critical thinking skills.  The essay questions will focus on the Essential Understanding regarding the the enduring legacies that have impacted the global civilizations of today.

Essay Question:  Describe the enduring (lasting) legacy that the Ancient Greeks left to the world and how it has impacted the world even today.  (We will brainstorm some ideas in class together)

Terms that you should be able to define and explain
prehistory
why do we study history?
archeologists
historians
civilizations
radiocarbon dating
cave drawings
Lucy (p21)
Paleolithic Age
Stone Age
artifact
Nomad
Homohabilis
Homoerectus
Homosapiens sapiens

CroMagnon
Neanderthal
Neolithic Revolution (pg 29-30)
8 Features of civilization            
            Cities
            Complex Religion
            Organized Central Government
            Job Specialization
            Writing
            Public Works
            Social Classes
            Public Works
Civilization settlements on rivers- how did the four ancient civilizations that settled on the rivers use the rivers to advance their societies?

Mesopotamia  (Meso means “between”) (Chapter 2 section 2, page 59)
irrigation
Fertile Crescent
Cradle of Civilization
Tigris/ Euphrates
Sumerian inventions
ziggurat
cuneiform
Code of Hammurabi
Babylonia
Ancient Egypt (Chapter 2)
polytheism
Pyramids
Pharaohs
The Gift of the Nile River
mummification
hieroglyphics
papyrus
Upper and Lower Egypt
The Old Kingdom
The Middle Kingdom
The New Kingdom
Achievements in: math, science, architectural,  artistic, medicine (page 53)
Indus River Valley
peninsula
monsoons
peaceful people
Citadel
Hinduism
Reincarnation
Sanskrit
Ancient China (Hwang Ho (Yellow) River)
oracle bones
Dynasty
Greeks:
Geography of Greece
King Minos (Minoans) (p107)
Mycenaeans (p 107)
Illiad
The Odyssey
Greek Myths
city -states (polis)
acropolis
Athens/ Sparta
Tyrants
Oligarchies
Monarchies
Aristocracy
Direct democracy
Democracy
Athenian Democracy
  • Draco- in 621 issued an improved code of laws.  Penalties were extremely harsh, even for minor offenses like stealing a head of cabbage you would be put to death!  Today, harsh punishments are referred to as “Draconian”.
  • Solon- cancelled all land debts and freed debtors from slavery as a way to advance Greece’s economic situation.  Promoted trade among farmers and promoted industry by requiring fathers to teach their sons a skill as part of their citizenship requirement.  He extended citizenship in Athens to foreigners that had were skilled artisans.  He extended the idea of democracy by having all citizen participate in assembly and public law court.
  • Peisistratus- extended citizenship to people who did not own land. Provided the poor with jobs by putting them to work on public projects like building temples and other public projects.
  • Cleisthenes- (508 BCE)- reformed Athen’s laws
    • All citizens belonged to the Assembly and were considered equal before the law and guaranteed freedom of speech (took away some of the power of the aristocracy)
    • Council of 500, open to anyone, carried out the day to day government jobs
    • Each year in a lottery (rather than a ballot), each citizen chose members of the Council.  Athenian democracy included a jury system (201-1001 members)to decide court cases in which majority vote won.  
    • Each year an Athenian citizen could write the name of an undesirable politician on a piece of clay called an ostracon, if the person’s name appeared on 6,000, he could be exiled.
    • Cleisthenes’ democracy changed Athens but really only impacted 20% of the Athenians that were citizens.  Non-citizens- women, foreign born males, and slaves were still excluded.  
    • However, Athenian democracy laid the foundation for the Western concept of democracy.
Athenian Education
Persian Wars

Golden Age of Greece
Pericles
            theater
            literature (the Iliad and Odyssey)
            art/architecture
            philosophy
Peloponnesian War

Be able to locate the following on a map:
Mediterranean Sea                                            Greece
Black Sea                                                         Italy
Caspian Sea                                                                                                     
Red Sea
Persian Gulf
Mesopotamia
Egypt
China
India
Africa
Modern Day Iraq
World History Honors
Mid-Term Review Sheet


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